Narendra modi is a lifelong member of the paper rashtriya swayamsevak sangh (RSS) or National Volunteer movement, a vast and and influential Hindu rivalist conservative movement which has been banned three times in India. In 2002, when he was chief minister in the state of Gujarat, more than 1,000 people died in inter-communal riots and Modi was accused of complicity in the sectarian slaughter mostly of Muslims. The Bharatiya janata party is the leading party in the right-wing political coalition called the national Democratic Alliance (NDA). When it was originally founded in 1998, there were 13 parties in the coalition but currently there are eight. The Third Front under various names has contested elections since 1967. It brings together regional parties and the left Front which is its backbone. The grouping is committed to secularism and social justice. A very new political party, which has done well in Delhi but made little impact nationally, is the aam Aadmi (Common Man) Party (AAP) which is led by Arvind Kejriwal.
While the congress Party has historically dominated Indian politics, the leadership of the congress Party in turn has been dominated by one family: Jawaharlal Nehru, india's first Prime minister, served for 17 years; his daughter Indira gandhi later became Prime minister; his grandson Rajiv gandhi. The Indian Congress Party is the leading party in the centre-left political coalition called the United Progressive alliance dissertation (UPA) which embraces a total of 16 parties. The other major, but more recently-established, political party in India is the Bharatiya janata party (BJP). Created in 1980, it represents itself as a champion of the socio-religious cultural values of the country's Hindu majority and advocates conservative social policies and strong national defence. The bjp, in alliance with several other parties, led the government between. In the election of 2014, it stormed to victory, winning a clear overall majority with 282 seats. The leader of the bjp is a controversial figure.
For its first six decades, its focus was on campaigning for Indian independence from Britain. Since independence in 1947, it has sought to be the governing party of the nation with repeated success. As a result, for most of its democratic history, the lok sabha has been dominated by the Indian Congress Party which has been in power for a great deal of the time. However, unlike japan where the liberal Democrat Party has been in power almost continuously click here, congress has had (usually short) periods out of power, between. Then, the 2014 election was a disaster for the congress Party. It did not simply lose power; it was shattered at the polls winning a mere 44 seats. It looks now as if its historic role as leader of post-independence India is over. The original Congress Party espoused moderate socialism and a planned, mixed economy. However, its spin-off and successor, congress (I) - 'i' in honour of Indira gandhi - now supports deregulation, privatisation and foreign investment.
Mann ki baat - narendra modi
Administrative and security considerations meant that electoral staff and soldiers were moved around the country as the different voting phases took place. More than 150 million people had the vote for the first time. For the first time also, ballot papers included a 'none of restaurant the above' option for those who did not wish to vote for any candidate and around 1 selected this option. Historically only around 55 of those eligible to do so vote in Indian national elections. Howver, turnout for the 2014 election broke records with.38 of those eligible casting a vote. There is growing concern in India about what has been called the "criminalisation" of politics.
Almost one third of the members of the last parliament had criminal cases pending against them and, according to the Association for Democratic Reforms (adr in the 2014 election between 20-30 of candidates had criminal charges against them. The severity of these charges varies and some charges may be unfounded, as the judicial process is often used to smear political opponents and police in many state are highly corrupt. Nevertheless, there is little doubt that overall criminality and corruption are high in Indian politics. Political parties, in India, political parties are either a national Party or a state party. To be considered a national Party, a political party has to be recognised in four or more states and to be either the ruling party or in the opposition in those states. Ever since its formation in 1885, the Indian National Congress (INC) - and its successor - has been the dominant political party in India.
These members are known as nominated members. The remainder of the house currently comprising 238 members - is elected indirectly by the state and territorial legislatures in proportion to the unit's population. Again, of course, the largest state representation is that of Uttar Pradesh with 31 members. The method of election in the local legislatures is the single transferable vote. Terms of office are for six years, with one third of the members facing re-election every two years. The rajya sabha meets in continuous session and, unlike the lok sabha, it is not subject to dissolution.
Link: Rajya sabha click here. The two houses share legislative powers, except in the area of supply (money) where the lok sabha has overriding powers. In the case of conflicting legislation, a joint sitting of the two houses is held. If there is a conflict which cannot be resolved even by the joint committee of the two houses, it is solved in the joint session of the parliament, where the will of the lok sabha almost always prevails, since the lok sabha is more than. Elections, elections in a country of the size and complexity of India are huge and difficult affairs. In the general Election of 2014, 814 million people were elegible to vote and 930,000 polling booths were required to enable them to. The Indian Constitution requires that voters do not have to travel more than 2 km (1.2 miles) from their homes to vote. There is no way that such a poll can be conducted on a single day and in fact the last election to the lok sabha took place over a period of six weeks, starting on finishing on with all votes counted on a single day.
Union Cabinet Ministers of India council of Ministers
Each member - except the make two nominated ones - represents a geographical single-member constituency as in the British model for the house of Commons. Each lok sabha is internet formed for a five year term, after which it is automatically dissolved, unless extended by a proclamation of Emergency which may extend the term in one year increments. This has happened on three occasions:, 19-1977. The last election to the lok sabha was in may 2014, so the next election is expected to be in 2019. Link: lok sabha click here. The upper house in the Indian political system is the rajya sabha or council of States. As set out in the constitution, the rajya sabhahas has up to 250 members. 12 of these members are chosen by the President for their expertise in specific fields of art, literature, science, and social services.
may 2014, narendra modi, leader of the the Bharatiya janata party (bjp became pm, having never previously held office at national level. Ministers are then appointed by the President on the recommendation of the Prime minister and these ministers collectively comprise the council of Ministers. The legislative branch, the lower house in the Indian political system is the lok sabha or house of the people. As set out in the constitution, the maximum size of the lok sabha is 552 members, made up of up to 530 members representing people from the states of India, up to 20 members representing people from the Union Territories, and two members to represent. Currently the size of the house is 545 - made up of 530 elected from the states, 13 elected from the territories, and two nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. By far the largest state representation is that of Uttar Pradesh with 80 members. At the other end of the scale, three states have only one representative each. There are certain constituencies where only candidates from scheduled casts and scheduled tribes are allowed to stand.
While the review framers of the Indian constitution certainly had in mind this Anglo-saxon idea of federalism, historically the central government has dominated over the regional states. The constitution actually refers to India as a "Union of states" and perhaps a better term - which is also used in the mainstream media - is quasi-federal system. The executive branch, the head of state in India is the President. This is normally a ceremonial role, originally modelled on the British monarch to "advise, encourage and warn" the elected government on constitutional matters. The President can return a parliamentary bill once for reconsideration and, in times of crisis such as a hung Parliament, the role is pivotal. The President can declare a state of emergency which enables the lok sabha to extend its life beyond the normal five-year term. As members of an electoral college, nearly 5,000 members of the national parliament and state legislators are eligible to vote in the election of the President. The current President is Ram Nath kovind, a member of the dalit (untouchable) caste. There is also the post of Vice-President who is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of both houses of parliament.
Currency demonetization: Essay by Anubhuti maithani
Indian political system, back to home page click here, a short guide to the, indian political system. Contents, introduction, india - with a population of a billion and a quarter and an electorate of 814 million (2014) - is the world's largest democracy and, for all its faults and flaws, this democratic system stands in japanese marked contrast to the democratic failures. Unlike the American political system click here and the British political system click here which essentially have existed in their current form for centuries, the Indian political system is a much more recent construct dating from India's independence from Britain in 1947. The current constitution came into force on advocates the trinity of justice, liberty and equality for all citizens. The constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any sovereign country in the world, containing 444 articles, 12 schedules and 98 amendments, with some 146,000 words in its English language version. In stark contrast with the current constitution of Japan which has remained unchanged click here, the constitution of India has been one of the most amended national documents in the world with 98 changes in just over 70 years. Many of these amendments have resulted from a long-running dispute involving the parliament and the supreme court over the rights of parliamentary sovereignty as they clash with those of judicial review of laws and constitutional amendments. India's lower house, the lok sabha, is modelled on the British house of Commons, but its federal system of government borrows from the experience of the United States, canada and Australia.