45 In March 1962, dylan contributed harmonica and back-up vocals to the album Three kings and the queen, accompanying Victoria spivey and Big joe williams on a recording for Spivey records. 47 While working for Columbia, dylan recorded under the pseudonym Blind boy grunt 48 for Broadside, a folk magazine and record william label. 49 Dylan used the pseudonym Bob Landy to record as a piano player on The Blues Project, a 1964 anthology album by Elektra records. 48 As Tedham Porterhouse, dylan played harmonica on Ramblin' jack Elliott 's 1964 album Jack Elliott. 48 Dylan made two important career moves in August 1962: he legally changed his name to robert Dylan, 50 and he signed a management contract with Albert Grossman. 51 (In June 1961, dylan had signed an agreement with roy silver. In 1962, Grossman paid Silver 10,000 to become sole manager.) 52 Grossman remained Dylan's manager until 1970, and was notable for his sometimes confrontational personality and for protective loyalty. 53 Dylan said, "He was kind of like a colonel Tom Parker figure. You could smell him coming." 30 Tension between Grossman and John Hammond led to hammond suggesting that Dylan work with the young African-American jazz producer, tom Wilson, who produced several tracks for the second album without formal credit.
38 On April 11, dylan commenced a two week engagement at Gerde's Folk city, supporting John lee hooker. 39 New York times critic Robert Shelton first noted Dylan in a review of izzy young 's production for wrvr of a live twelve-hour hootenanny on July 29, 1961: "Among the newer promising talents deserving mention are a 20-year-old latter-day guthrie disciple named Bob Dylan. This was Dylan's first radio performance. 40 In September, Shelton boosted Dylan's career further with a very enthusiastic review of his performance at Gerde's Folk city. 41 The same month Dylan played harmonica on folk singer Carolyn Hester 's third album. This brought his talents to the attention of the album's producer, john Hammond, 42 who signed Dylan to columbia records. 43 The performances on his first Columbia album, bob Dylan, released March 19, 1962, 44 consisted of familiar folk, blues and gospel twist with two original compositions. The album sold only 5,000 in its first year, just enough to break even. 45 Within Columbia records, some referred to the singer as "Hammond's Folly" and suggested dropping his contract, but Hammond defended Dylan and was supported by johnny cash.
This is the land of the free." 33 1960s Relocation to new York and record deal In may 1960, dylan dropped out of college at the end of his first year. In January 1961, he traveled to new York city to perform there and visit his musical idol woody guthrie, 34 who was seriously ill with Huntington's disease in Greystone park Psychiatric Hospital. 35 Guthrie had been a revelation to dylan and influenced his early performances. Describing Guthrie's impact, he wrote: "The songs themselves had the infinite sweep of humanity in them. He was the true voice of the American spirit. I said to myself I was going to be guthrie's greatest disciple." 36 As well as visiting Guthrie in hospital, dylan befriended Guthrie's protégé ramblin' jack Elliott. Much of Guthrie's repertoire was channeled through Elliott, and Dylan paid tribute to Elliott in Chronicles: Volume One. 37 From February 1961, dylan played at clubs around Greenwich Village, befriending and picking up material from folk singers there, including dave van Ronk, fred neil, odetta, the new Lost City ramblers and Irish musicians the Clancy Brothers and Tommy makem.
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In 1985, he said: The thing about rock'n'roll is that for me anyway it wasn't enough. There were great catch-phrases and driving pulse rhythms. But the songs weren't serious or didn't reflect life in a realistic way. I knew that when I got into folk music, it was more of a serious type of thing. The songs are filled with more despair, more sadness, more triumph, more faith in the supernatural, much deeper feelings.
28 living at the jewish-centric fraternity sigma Alpha mu vmware house zimmerman began to perform at the ten O'Clock Scholar, a coffeehouse a few blocks from campus, and became involved in the dinkytown folk music circuit. 29 30 During his Dinkytown days, zimmerman began introducing himself as "Bob Dylan". 31 a 1 In his memoir, he said he hit upon using this less common variant for Dillon a surname he had considered adopting when he unexpectedly saw some poems by dylan Thomas. 32 Explaining his change of name in a 2004 interview, dylan remarked, "you're born, you know, the wrong names, wrong parents. I mean, that happens. You call about yourself what you want to call yourself.
12 Dylan's father, Abram Zimmerman an electric-appliance shop owner and mother, beatrice "Beatty" Stone, were part of a small, close-knit Jewish community. They lived in Duluth until Robert was six, when his father had polio and the family returned to his mother's hometown, hibbing, where they lived for the rest of Robert's childhood. In his early years he listened to the radio—first to blues and country stations from Shreveport, louisiana, and later, when he was a teenager, to rock and roll. 16 17 he formed several bands while attending Hibbing High School. In the golden Chords, he performed covers of songs by little richard 18 and Elvis Presley.
19 Their performance of Danny the juniors ' "Rock and Roll Is Here to Stay" at their high school talent show was so loud that the principal cut the microphone. 20 On January 31, 1959, three days before his death, buddy holly performed at the duluth Armory. 21 seventeen year old Zimmerman was in the audience; in his Nobel Prize lecture, dylan remembered: "He looked me right straight dead in the eye, and he transmitted something. Something I didn't know what. And it gave me the chills." 22 In 1959, his high school yearbook carried the caption "Robert Zimmerman: to join 'little richard'." 18 23 The same year, as Elston Gunnn, he performed two dates with Bobby vee, playing piano and clapping. In September 1959, zimmerman moved to minneapolis and enrolled at the University of Minnesota. 27 His focus on rock and roll gave way to American folk music.
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The pulitzer Prize jury in 2008 awarded him a special citation for "his profound impact on resume popular music and American culture, marked by lyrical compositions of extraordinary poetic power". In may 2012, dylan received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Barack Obama, and, in 2016, he was awarded the nobel Prize in Literature "for having created new poetic expressions within the great American song tradition". 3 Contents Life and career wallpaper Origins and musical beginnings The zimmerman family home in Hibbing, minnesota bob Dylan was born Robert Allen Zimmerman ( Hebrew name shabtai zisl ben Avraham) 4 5 6. Mary's Hospital on may 24, 1941, in Duluth, minnesota, 7 8 and raised in Hibbing, minnesota, on the mesabi range west of lake superior. He has a younger brother, david. Dylan's paternal grandparents, zigman and Anna zimmerman, emigrated from Odessa, in the russian Empire (now Ukraine to the United States following the anti-semitic pogroms of 1905. 9 10 His maternal grandparents, ben and Florence Stone, were lithuanian Jews who arrived in the United States in 1902. 9 10 11 In his autobiography, chronicles: Volume One, dylan wrote that his paternal grandmother's maiden name was Kirghiz and her family originated from the kağızman district of Kars Province in northeastern Turkey.
In the late 1970s, dylan became a born-again Christian and released a series of albums of contemporary gospel music, such as Slow Train Coming, before returning to his more familiar rock-based idiom with Infidels. Dylan's major business works during his later career include time out of Mind, "love and Theft" and Tempest. His most recent recordings have comprised versions of traditional American standards, especially songs recorded by Frank sinatra. Since 1994, dylan has published seven books of drawings and paintings, and his work has been exhibited in major art galleries. Dylan has sold more than 100 million records, making him one of the best-selling music artists of all time. He has also received numerous awards including eleven Grammy Awards, a golden Globe Award, and an Academy Award. Dylan has been inducted into the rock and Roll Hall of Fame, minnesota music Hall of Fame, nashville songwriters Hall of Fame, and Songwriters Hall of Fame.
his songwriting is considered his greatest contribution. Following his self-titled debut album in 1962, which mainly consisted of traditional folk songs, dylan made his breakthrough as a songwriter with the release of the 1963 album The Freewheelin' bob Dylan, featuring "Blowin' in the wind" and the thematically complex composition " a hard. For many of these songs he adapted the tunes and sometimes phraseology of older folk songs. Dylan went on to release the politically charged The times They are a-changin' and the more lyrically abstract and introspective another Side of Bob Dylan in 1964. In 19, dylan encountered controversy when he adopted the use of electrically amplified rock instrumentation and in the space of 15 months recorded three of the most important and influential rock albums of the 1960s, Bringing It All Back home, highway 61 revisited and Blonde. In July 1966, dylan withdrew from touring after being injured in a motorcycle accident. During this period he recorded a large body of songs with members of the band, who had previously backed Dylan on tour; these were eventually released as the collaborative album The basement Tapes in 1975. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, dylan explored country music and rural themes in John Wesley harding, nashville skyline and New Morning. In 1975 Dylan released his career-defining album Blood on the Tracks followed by the critically and commercially successful Desire the following year.
Like a rolling Stone which enlarged the scope of popular music. Dylan's lyrics incorporate a wide range of political, social, philosophical, and literary influences. They defied existing for pop-music conventions and appealed to the burgeoning counterculture. Initially inspired by the performances. Little richard and the songwriting of, woody guthrie, robert Johnson, and, hank williams, dylan has amplified and personalized musical genres. In his recording career, dylan has explored many of the traditions in American song—from folk, blues, and country to gospel, and rock and roll, and from rockabilly. English, scottish, and Irish folk music, embracing even jazz and the Great American Songbook. Dylan performs on guitar, keyboards, and harmonica.
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This article is about the musician. For his debut album, see. Bob Dylan (born, robert Allen Zimmerman, may 24, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter, author, and artist who has been an influential figure in popular music small and culture for more than five decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s, when he became a reluctant "voice of a generation" 2 with songs such as blowin' in the wind " and ". The times They are a-changin' " that became anthems for the. Civil Rights movement and anti-war movement. In 1965, he controversially abandoned his early fan-base in the, american folk music revival, recording a six-minute single, ".