Aids in African Americans 1, hIV /. Aids in november 15, 2012 Research, definition, and Statement. Aids, african-Americans are the internet ethnic group most affected. Ironically african-americans represent 14 of the population of the United States, but represent 44 across the gender line. African-american men represent. Hiv infections among the ethnic group, however african-american women are also highly at risk. Indeed they have a rate of infection that is 15 times greater than the rate for caucasion women (.
In the us today, aids directly affects thousands of gay and bisexual men as well as injecting drug users. Even those strange these transactions are very preventable, it is hard to tell addicted drug users as well as men who are only attracted to other men to simply stop a part of their lifestyle. Aids have also spread to a large amount of people in the African American and Hispanic/Latino communities. In the African American community, the primary reason people will get infected with. Aids is from have sex with a man. In Latin and Hispanic American communities the risk for. Hiv and, aids in the Black community, essay. Running head: hiv /.
Since the beginning of the. Hiv and, aids epidemic well over half a million people have died. Aids in the United States of America. Many people think the United States is home of the most modern and developed society in the world. Yet, this society remains flawed in that its reaction to disease mirrors that of Medieval Times. . Although this a society that can build anything and go anywhere, the basic fears of mankind are almost entirely the same as the dark ages. It is true that we are faced with bigger and uglier problems. However, we still try to find scapegoats for these problems instead of trying to understand them.
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Mother-to-child: Programs to prevent the transmission of hiv from mothers to children can reduce portfolio rates of transmission by 92-99. This primarily involves the use of a combination of antivirals during pregnancy and after birth in the infant but also potentially includes bottle feeding rather than breastfeeding. If replacement feeding is acceptable, feasible, affordable, sustainable and safe, mothers should avoid breast-feeding their infants, however exclusive breast-feeding is recommended during the first months of life if this is not the case. If exclusive breast feeding is carried out, the provision of extended antiretroviral prophylaxis to the infant decreases the risk of transmission. Vaccination: As of 2012 there is no effective vaccine for hiv or aids. A single trial of the vaccine rv 144 published in 2009 found a partial reduction in the risk of transmission of roughly 30, stimulating some hope in the research community of developing a truly effective vaccine.
Further trials of the rv 144 vaccine are on-going. You may also find These documents Helpful. Aids in Usa, essay. Aids in usa level of Crisis in United States of America. Aids is an epidemic that has been treated like every other disease in history.
By contrast, use of the spermicide nonoxynol-9 may increase the risk of transmission due to its tendency to cause vaginal and rectal irritation. Circumcision in Sub-Saharan Africa reduces the acquisition of hiv by heterosexual men by between 38 and 66 over 24 months. Based on these studies, the world health Organization and unaids both recommended male circumcision as a method of preventing female-to-male hiv transmission in 2007. Whether it protects against male- to-female transmission is disputed and whether it is of benefit in developed countries and among men who have sex with men is undetermined. Some experts fear that a lower perception of vulnerability among circumcised men may result in more sexual risk-taking behavior, thus negating its preventive effects.
Women who have undergone female genital cutting have an increased risk of hiv. Programs encouraging sexual abstinence do not appear to affect subsequent hiv risk. Evidence for a benefit from peer education is equally poor. Comprehensive sexual education provided at school may decrease high risk behavior. A substantial minority of young people continues to engage in high-risk practices despite knowing about hiv/aids, underestimating their own risk of becoming infected with hiv. It is not known if treating other sexually transmitted infections is effective in preventing hiv.
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Hiv is transmitted by three main routes: sexual contact, exposure to infected body fluids or tissues and from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding (known as vertical transmission). There is no risk of acquiring hiv if exposed to feces, nasal secretions, saliva, sputum, sweat, tears, urine, or vomit unless these are contaminated strange with blood. It is possible to be co-infected by more than one strain of hiv, a condition known as hiv super infection. Prevention from aids : Sexual contact: Consistent protection use reduces the risk of hiv transmission by approximately 80 over the long term. When one partner of a couple is infected, consistent protection use results in rates of hiv infection for the uninfected person of below 1 per year. There is some evidence to suggest that female protection may provide an equivalent level of protection. Application of a vaginal gel containing tenofovir (a reverse movie transcriptase inhibitor) immediately before sex seems to reduce infection rates by approximately 40 among African women.
The initial period following the contraction of hiv is called acute hiv, primary hiv or acute retroviral syndrome. Many individuals develop an influenza like illness or a mononucleosis-like illness 2-4 weeks post exposure while others have no significant symptoms. Advertisements: Symptoms occur in 40-90 of the cases and lego most commonly include fever, large tender lymph nodes, throat inflammation, a rash, headache, and/or sores of the mouth and genitals. The rash, which occurs in 20-50 of cases, presents itself on the trunk and is classically maculopapular. Some people also develop opportunistic infections at this stage. Gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea may occur, as may neurological symptoms of peripheral neuropathy or guillain-Barre syndrome. The duration of the symptoms varies, but is usually one or two weeks.
and as a source of discrimination. The disease also has significant economic impacts. There are many misconceptions about hiv/aids such as the belief that it can be transmitted by casual non-sexual contact. The disease has also become subject to many controversies involving religion. Signs and Symptoms : There are three main stages of hiv infection: Acute infection, clinical latency and aids.
Advertisements: This is typically followed by a prolonged period without symptoms. As the illness progresses it interferes more and more with the immune system, making people much more likely to get infections, including opportunistic infections, and tumors that do not usually affect people with working immune systems. Genetic research indicates that hiv originated in west-central Africa during the early twentieth century. Aids was first recognized by the centres for Disease control and Prevention (CDC) in 1981 and its cause, hiv infection was identified in the early part of the decade. Since its discovery, aids has caused nearly 30 million deaths (as of 2009). As of 2010, approximately 34 million people have contracted hiv globally. Aids is considered hippie a pandemic —a disease outbreak which is present over a large area and is actively spreading.
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Apa, mla, chicago, aids. Retrieved 10:34, july 06, 2018, from. M, (December 31, 1969). m, ml (accessed July 06, 2018). Advertisements: Essay on hiv/aids: Signs, symptoms and Prevention! Human immunodeficiency virus infection/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/aids) is a disease of the human immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). During the initial infection a person may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness.