At that time, one could scarcely see any thing except rolling prairies covered with lush Buffalo grass. The cattlemen all lived along the streams and merely pastured the uplands which had been free grass range. The few new settlers that had arrived lived in dugouts, so as one viewed the landscape, it seemed devoid of any habitation with no fences or trees and scarcely any roads, only an occasional trail angled across the broad countryside.". In 1892, the land was opened for homesteading. The cost was 15 to file, add and the terms were that you had to make improvements within six months and maintain residence on the land for five years. Only a quarter of a section could be claimed by any one adult. In comparison, the land in Lipscomb county had three classifications: state school land, dry and watered, and railroad land.
The suspects were all found guilty and resume sentenced to hang by a federal court in Paris, texas, in 1890. The case was appealed and the higher court set the convicted murderers free. The court ruled that since the murders took place in 1888 when no man's Land was a legal "orphan there was no law there and the court had no jurisdiction in the case. At the turn of the century, homesteaders came in a steady stream to beaver county in what is now the oklahoma panhandle. This was the third settling of the area. Grayes hayes Jones gives us a vivid picture of the country then: "It was in the summer of 1901 that my father, Grant. Hayes, filed on a homestead in southeastern beaver county, but we did not move onto the place until early the next year.
Tom haines gives us a picture of neighborly relations with the cowboys - the cowboys kept the haines' family in fresh beef in return for fresh vegetables from Mrs. Haines' garden and a home cooked meal when they were passing. Actually, most of the cowboys settled on places of their own and helped the county develop. North of Lipscomb county was no man's Land - the oklahoma panhandle. Until this became part of the oklahoma territory in 1890, it was a haven for fugitives and gunmen for there was no law there. In fact, they "got away with murder!". Four Kansas men were shot and killed when they crossed over into no man's Land in 1888, and the killers were identified by a fifth man who was wounded.
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The settlers began pouring into this area, bringing their seeds and plows to turn the sod and raise crops for food and market. The area was a part of Wheeler county and Mobeetie was the county seat. One pioneer recalls that they went to mobeetie for their mail and to dodge city, kansas, for their groceries. Lipscomb county was organized in 1887, and that year four towns were platted - dominion, lipscomb, higgins, and Timms City. Today only lipscomb, the county seat, and Higgins still essay exist. Of special importance is the county commissioner's decision to order seed wheat for farmers of the county.
A car load of bearded wheat to be distributed to the citizens for fall sowing was ordered on August 16, 1890. This was not a gift, the farmers either paid for the seed wheat immediately or after they had raised a crop. The range land was gradually disappearing and the big ranches found it more difficult year after year to find open range grazing. If the "Nester" had a water supply needed for these herds, he had "rights" and the rancher had to pay to water his cattle. The ranchers the and nesters of this area evidently avoided the famous fence wars and conflicts over range land.
The thick buffalo grass held the strips together. The floor was usually dirt or a buffalo grass carpet. The soddy had a large center pole, usually a cottonwood which supported the roof of willow branches, straw and dirt. Some of the soddies had a bowed lumber roof, topped with huge rocks to keep it in place. (Using nails on sod bricks was out of the question.) Gyp from the hills mixed with water was used to give the walls a white paint job.
The next problem confronting the settlers was that of fuel. Miss Emma moyer says, "we burned cane heads, immature corn nubbins, broom corn seed, or anything that promised to give us heat, but the greatest source of supply was "prairie coal" or cow chips. We burned real coal when it was available, and if we had money to pay for. As the country became more thickly settled, we had to range farther and farther to get our needed supply of cow chips.". The story was told that when a lady first came from the east, she wore a glove and carefully put each cow chip in the stove. Six months later she was putting cow chips in with one hand and stirring gravy with the other.
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Tom recalls that there was quite an immigration movement to western Kansas in those days and the road was white with covered wagons. He said that they saw no one after they got to no man's Land. They followed the tuttle Trail and arrived at Mammoth Creek april 7, 1885. The haines' son, Albert, shakespeare was born July 2, 1885, and was the first white child born in Lipscomb county. The walton and haines families, like all the pioneer families in this area, lived in dugouts until sod houses could be constructed. Although the dugout was an extremely crude dwelling, it had two advantages over other housing - the cost was practically non-existent and the dugout afforded the best protection of any early dwelling from the severe winter weather. A typical prairie home mode of transportation. The sod houses were constructed of sod strips 36 inches long and ten or twelve inches wide. They were cut with a sod cutter which resembled a sled with a sharp knife on each side.
Gone to live with the wife's folks. "The tragedy of cattle save dying, people moving and crops withering didn't keep some from joking about the situation. 'The weather has been so dry here for the last three weeks, noted the taylor county news, "that the wells are empty and the fish in the creeks are carrying toadstools for parasols.". One observer of the dry period noted that the resulting losses of the syndicate ranches converted ranching from an adventure into a business which is today carried on with as much system as farming and manufacturing. The george wilkerson Walton family with their sons, george and Frank, came to lipscomb county about 1880 and settled near Mammoth Creek thirteen miles south of the future town of Follett. They were probably the first white settlers in the county and were so favorably impressed with the country, they urged their daughter and son-in-law, semantha and Tom haines, to join them. The tom haines' family headed for Texas from Iowa, driving in a covered wagon from Wellington, kansas.
cowboys who rode the range for the big ranches. Though the first Lipscomb county settlers maintained that the rainfall was sufficient, a drought in 18 over the texas Panhandle area hit the cattlemen hard. This dry spell was such a rough one that an early settler wrote on a board nailed across the door of his cabin: 250 miles to nearest post office. 100 miles to wood. 20 miles to water. 6 inches to hell. God bless our home.
Already the cabin of the squatter along the creek bank half hidden among the trees and the sod houses of the settler loom up as a castle upon the broad limitless prairie. But they stand lonely and are but the forerunners of the farm houses, the villages and the cities, that will soon ornament every slope, and crown every hill. Millions of acres are yet awaiting the coming of the home seeker. Millions of acres of rich alluvial soil that needs but to be turned to the sunlight, and the seeds dropped upon it, to return a bountiful harvest of golden grain.". This poetry of the panhandle is a description of Lipscomb county dubai in 1886, which appeared in "The panhandle nester a newspaper published. The writer's vision and enthusiasm for the future of Lipscomb county was probably shared by all the prairie pioneers. Settlers first came into lipscomb county about 1880, and the immigration movement was really gathering momentum by 1886. Before this settlement started, the texas Panhandle, no man's Land and Kansas were inhabited by cowboys herding cows and a few Indians still roaming the plains. There were five ranches in beaver and Ellis counties in Oklahoma and Lipscomb and Hemphill counties in Texas, according to tom haines.
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Part two of a series. Part One, published on June 28, showed how in her senior soccer season Middlebury Union High School three-sport athlete Andi boe suffered an anterior cruciate ligament knee injury, how common it is, how Middlebury surgeon Ben Rosenberg treated it, and how boe faced some. Cite This Page, choose citation style: mlachicago, jensen, carlee. Paper Towns." LitCharts llc, july 24, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2018. "Paper Towns." LitCharts llc, july 24, 2015. Two miles west of Follett, texas on Highway 15 "The panhandle of Texas with its broad, sweeping, fertile prairies, its numerous streams and springs of pure running water, magnificent internet groves of ash, elm, and cottonwood, is now opened for the settler and the farmer.