In Egypt he made scarifies to the Egyptian gods. As a result, priests recognized him as a pharaoh, the ruler of Egypt. Alexander was worshiped as god. Alexander did not only accept some features of other cultures, he also introduced Greek culture to other nations. The city of Alexandria was founded by Alexander. It became a center of Greek culture in Egypt. More fighting in Persia in September 331 bc alexander defeated Darius and his Persian army in the battle of gaugamela.
Alexander and his troops took various treasures and captured Darius family, which was treated respectfully while in captivity. Meanwhile, alexander proclaimed himself King of Asia. Darius hoped to sign a truce with Alexander offering different options, but Alexander rejected all of them. He wanted to conquer the whole Asian continent. Campaign in Egypt After having conquered levant, Alexander led his troops to Egypt. There was no resistance from mattress the population of Egypt. Alexander was treated as a savior, who delivered Egypt from the domination of Persian Empire. It should be noted that Alexander always respected gods, religions, and traditions of the conquered nations.
Alexander got his first victory and continued leading his army to the west. Sardis, persian capital, was conquered rather easily. New conquered territories became the part of one big empire. By the end of the year 334 bc alexander managed to reach Asia minor, which is the territory of Turkey now. Alexander cut the gordian Knot in the city of Gordium. According to beliefs of that time, a person who was able to cut the knot would become the ruler of the whole world. The battle of Issus In 333 bc alexander led his troops to the east. Two powerful kings Alexander and Darius met in the battle near the city of Issus. Alexander used creative military tactics during this battle and defeated Darius, who fled leaving his family and army.
Alexander the, great
In order to secure his position, Alexander executed everyone who could claim the kingship. Though Alexander was the king of Macedon, he did not gain control system of the league of Corinth. Many colonies rejoiced that Philip was dead and hoped to get rid of Macedonian influence and power. It resulted in numerous movements for independence. Alexander reacted very animator quickly and led his army to Greece in order to cope with these movements.
As a result, Alexander was recognized by Greek people as a new leader. Sparta, however, refused to do this. Recognition by the league of Corinth gave alexander necessary power to attack persian Empire. Persia was one of the largest and powerful empires which was situated in the eastern part of Greece. Persian Empire and its Conquest In the year 335 bc alexander commenced his preparations for Persian expedition. It is worth pointing out that Alexander s military resources were inferior in comparison to those of Darius iii, the king of Persian Empire. In spring of 334 bc alexander s troops met with Darius army for the first time.
Alexander s military cooperation as well as relationship with his father ended soon after Philip took control of the corinthian league. The league of Corinth was a military alliance that consisted of all Greek states excluding Sparta. After the league was formed, consequent plans of Philip were focused on Persian Empire ( Alexander of Macedon biography). Alexander as the king When Philip came back to his capital city, he decided to marry Cleopatra eurydice. She was a niece of one of Philips generals.
This marriage was perceived as a big threat for Alexander, the future heir of the macedonian Kingdom. According to the existing laws, Cleopatras son would be a real heir of Macedon because his parents were both Macedonians. As a result, Alexander together with his mother ran from Pella. After several months had passed, all misunderstandings between Alexander and Philip were settled, and Alexander returned home. In 336 bc, philip was assassinated by a young Macedonian noble pausanias. Alexander sought the approval and recognition of Macedonian army for his bid for kingship after death of his father. Commanders agreed and proclaimed Alexander the new king. In this way alexande became Alexander iii, the ruler and king of Macedon.
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Aristotle taught not only Alexander, but also other essay children from noble families, who became Alexander s friends and generals of write his army in the future. Aristotle introduced Alexander to homer and his mysterious works. Iliad became Alexander s passion till the end of his life ( Alexander of Macedon biography). Beginning of the soldier Alexander ended his education at the age of sixteen. While Philip was away leading the war, he left Alexander to rule as the king. At the age of seventeen Alexander led his first attack against a rival tribe. He managed to cope with the following attacks very successfully and even sent forces in order to help his father.
Olympias was a very fierce and possessive mother. She controlled Alexander s every step when he was young. She filled Alexander with a feeling of deep resentment towards his resume father. Nonetheless, Alexander s education was of great importance to both Philip and Olympias. Alexander was brought up in accordance with the conservative traditions of noble youths of Macedon. He was good at reading, playing music instruments, fighting, and hunting. When Alexander was thirteen years old Philip started looking for a mentor for his son. This post was offered to several outstanding scholars of those times, but they refused to take on this role to educate Alexander further. Aristotle was chosen by Philip after long considerations.
as she gave birth. Alexander, the next heir of Macedon (. Alexander of Macedon biography; OBrien 11). Various events happened the day, alexander was born. On that very day philip started to prepare his army to a siege on Potidea, which was situated on the Chalcidice peninsula, and his favorite horses managed to win at the Olympic Games. It was also documented that one of the seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the temple of Artemis in Ephesus, was burnt that day (Renault 28). 0 0 days : 0 0 hours : 0 0 minutes : 0 0 seconds Get 17 off growing up, Alexander saw his father very rarely. This is because the king was constantly involved in long military campaigns.
He managed to do this due to skillful use of phalanxes, cavalry techniques, and endless loyalty of his army. In this project I will try to trace life story. Alexander the, great from the day of his birth and up till his death. I will discuss what he managed to achieve as a military commander and an outstanding country report leader as well as try to prove that. Alexander deserves to be called the, great, king. Alexander was born in 356 bc in the city of Pella. At that time pella was the capital of the macedonian Kingdom.
The, rise of Macedonia and the, conquests of, alexander
In the world histories, there were many great and gpa outstanding kings who accomplished remarkable results. If I were asked to name one of the greatest kings, i would answer that. Alexander the, great or, alexander, iii of Macedon was a macedonian king. Alexander received excellent education since Aristotle was his mentor until the age of sixteen. It is worth noting that. Alexander managed to create one of the most powerful, influential, and largest empires, which occupied vast territories on different continents. He won many battles and is believed to be the most successful and prominent leader of the Ancient Greek world. Epithet the, great was given to, alexander for his achievements and successes as a military leader (Roisman worthington 192). Alexander did not lose a single battle during all his campaigns.