Another problem critics point out is the mba exorbitant cost of implementing the reintroduction program. Estimated at 65,000 per wolf, the federal government will spend up to 13 million dollars to helicopter lift 200 wolves over the next five years (Richardson 28, 30). Note the use of statistics again. At a time when budget cuts are affecting food, housing and medical care for the needy, it is difficult to justify the expenditure. Even certain environmentalists have questioned the advisability of capturing and relocating wolves. Recently, a lawsuit was filed by the sierra Club Legal Defense fund stating, "the grey wolves have been migrating steadily south from Canada for years. Some have already reached Montana, and wolf packs are expected to settle in Yellowstone in about thirty years on their own initiative" (Richardson 28). But some wildlife biologists say that 30 years is too long to wait. They want to reduce yellowstone's overpopulated bison and elk herds now.
In addition to their concern for livestock, ranchers fear the possibility that, to help ensure the wolf's survival, wildlife managers will fence off thousands of acres now used for grazing. This could lead to the shutdown of ranches, resulting in the loss of hundreds of jobs. The writer seems eminently reasonable here, doesn't she, allowing or conceding a point to what seems to be the opponents at this point. At the same time, she points out that more than just livestock is at stake here. Finally, ranchers know that they have very little recourse if the wolves prey on their livestock. They are allowed to shoot a wolf caught in the act of killing a sheep or cow if the animal belongs to them. However, it is very difficult to be in the right place at the right time to catch a wolf in a kill. It is even more unlikely that a rancher would witness the kill of his own animal. Yet the penalty for defending a neighbor's property is the possibility of up to one year in prison and l00,000 in fines (Richardson 30).
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However, many believe that protection has not been enough. In January 1995, the department of the Interior flew 29 wolves from Canada gold's to Idaho's river of no return Wilderness Area and to yellowstone national Park in wyoming. Fifteen were released directly into the Idaho area, and the rest were put in pens in Yellowstone, scheduled to be released after an acclimation period of 6 to 12 weeks. What is the effect on the reader of the numbers in this paragraph and the next one? This program to reintroduce the gray wolf into the lower 48 states provides for fifteen more wolves to be relocated each year for the next three to five years (Begley 53). Critics of the program have raised a number of concerns. First of all is the apprehension of ranchers regarding the possible loss of livestock.
Wolves have been absent from Yellowstone for 60 years. Although some statistics claim that "Less than 1 of the sheep and cattle living in wolf range in Canada are killed by wolves annually others tell a different story. According to the policy director of the national Wildlife Institute, "In Canada, 41 percent of livestock found dead have been killed by wolves" (qtd. Notice the use of a secondary resource and how it is cited. The difference in these statistics is alarming. Obviously, statistics can be expressed in a variety of ways depending on what point one is trying to prove. However, the fact remains that wolves do, at least occasionally, prey on livestock.
Information given in, friends of the forest describes the similarity between humans and wolves. This publication states, "like humans, some wolves stay with their families until they die, others leave the pack during adolescence in search of uninhabited territory and a mate" (1-2). Unlike humans, "like humans". "Unlike humans another transitional device parallelism. Wolves instinctively control their population. The number in a pack rarely exceeds twelve and is determined by the availability and size of prey in their territory.
Notice how the first sentence in this paragraph sums up what was said in the prior three paragraphs and then looks forward to what comes next. Faced with the consequences of hasty actions to eliminate the wolves, as well as increased knowledge about their behavior, the. Congress passed the Endangered Species Act in 1973, giving full protection to the gray wolf. In Section 1531 of the Act, congressional findings state that since certain species of wildlife have been threatened with extinction, "the United States has pledged itself as a sovereign. Note the parenthetical documentation for an "unsigned" government document. State in the international community to conserve to the extent practicable the various species of fish or wildlife and plants facing extinction" (United 1, 2).
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In the chain of power each wolf has a defined place on a ladder of dominance and submission" (3l). Notice the development of background paper material and the use of authorities (Bergman) here, especially the parenthetical documentation. The entire pack works together according to position to raise and nurture the pups, teaching them a highly sophisticated system of communication used "for expressing their status relative to each other" (Bergman 31). Also, from parents and older siblings, young wolves learn not only how to hunt, but what to hunt as well. Wolves are trained early to go after certain twist prey and leave others alone. Since their prey is usually larger and stronger than they, wolves are taught specifically to hunt the weak and sick in order to avoid injury. Note that in our parenthetical citation, we need only the page number(s) when the resource is announced in the text.
In 1995, it is obvious that the hatred and fear which fueled the elimination of the gray wolf "Elimination of the grey wolf" is a repetition of a key phrase a great transitional device. Stemmed from a gross misunderstanding of wolves and their behavior. Cultural myths picturing wolves as scheming, aggressive beasts plotting to pounce on innocent victims do not reflect the truth. In reality, wolves are elusive creatures who keep to themselves. The wolf's social structure is much like ours. They live in family units called packs consisting of a mated pair, young pups, and older offspring. It is through the intricate relationships and interactions within the pack that offspring learn how to live as adult wolves. As the environmentalist Charles Bergman points out, "Wolves are intensely dvd social animals, living in packs that are structured in rigid hierarchies.
involving the elimination of the gray wolf have been especially acute in Yellowstone national Park, where the lack of a natural predator has resulted in the overpopulation of bison, deer, and elk. This phrase "according to" can be an indispensable device for introducing statements from your resources. Sharon Begley of, newsweek magazine, "Absent a natural predator, thousands of the ungulates have starved during tough winters, and there has been no selection pressure to keep deer fast and moose powerful" (53). Another issue is more subtle. Begley points out, In this paragraph and in the next, the writer uses "As so-and-so points out" to introduce her authority's language "The wolf has been the only native animal missing from Yellowstone" (53). In one of the few places where the wildness of the west could be preserved, the wolf's absence leaves a big hole. In a world filled with skyscrapers, subdivisions, and superhighways, human beings yearn for the wolf's untamable majesty.
Citizens instead of "hunters" or "ranchers" here? Convinced that they were a problem to be solved,. Citizens gradually eradicated gray wolves from the lower 48 states over a period of 25 years. Today many people are convinced that the elimination of the gray wolf was not only an error, but also a detriment to the quality of life in this country. There has been a public outcry to rectify the situation created by essay the ignorance of our ancestors. However, in seeking to address a situation created by the human compulsion to control nature, it is crucial to discern how much human interference is necessary. Human control must be tempered by respect and restraint. At the end of this paragraph, how do you feel about the writer's reasonableness so far?
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Three little pigs dance in a circle singing "Who's afraid of the big, bad wolf?". What feelings does the writer create by using these examples? Little red Riding hood barely escapes the cunning advances of the ravenous wolf disguised as her grandmother. Movie audiences shriek as a gentle young man is transformed before their eyes into a blood-thirsty werewolf, a symbol for centuries of the essence of evil. Such myths and legends have portrayed the wolf as a threat to human existence. Feared as cold-blooded killers, dream they were hated and persecuted. Wolves were not merely shot and killed; they were tortured as well. In what was believed to be a battle between good and evil, wolves were poisoned, drawn and quartered, doused with gasoline and set on fire, and, in some cases, left with their mouths wired shut to starve (Begley 53). Why does the writer use "U.S.