This ambiguity is demonstrated by his alleged madness, for he does behave madly, only to become perfectly calm mom and rational an instant later. These inconsistencies are related with the internal dilemmas he faces. He struggles with the issue of revenging his fatheris death, vowing to kill Claudius and then backing out, several times. Upon this point Hamlet teeters through the play. The reason for this teetering is directly related to his inability to form a solid opinion about role playing. This difficulty is not present, however, at the start of the the first act Hamlet appears to be very straightforward in his actions and inner state. When questioned by gertrude about his melancholy appearance hamlet says?
How strange or odd someor I bear myself (As I perchance hereafter shall think meet to put an antic disposition on) That you, at such times seeing me, never shall, with arms encumbered thus, or this headshake. Or such ambiguous giving out, to note that you know aught of me this do swear. The madness Of Prince hamlet Essay, research Paper. In Hamlet, Prince of Denmark the protagonist exhibits a puzzling duplicitous nature. Hamlet contradicts himself throughout out the play. He endorses both of the virtues of acting a role and being true to oneis self. He further supports both of these conflicting endorsements with his actions.
Madness or Sanity essay - world Literature - buy
Norton company, inc., 1992. A new Variorum Edition of Shakespeare: Hamlet. Ed, horace howard Furness. Hamlets Madness Essay, research Paper, hamlet the young Danish prince is possibly one of the most complicated characters unit in English Literature. Shakespeare created a three-dimensional and multifaceted individual, whose constant vacillations and pregnant soliloquies ask the most significant questions that life has to offer.
Hamlet has the reader in a constant guessing game trying to decipher whether or not Hamlet is truly insane. Why does Hamlet feign madness? Is he truly even feigning? If he is mad, was Polonius accurate in saying that there was a method to his madness? Hamlets speech is the portal into his soul, in which we find the answers to all our questions about him. Both in his soliloquies and in his heavy dialogue he gives us clues to his intentions, his purpose, and the strongest enemy: his self.
Samuel Traylor Coleridge says that Hamlets displays an internal struggle by attempting to feign madness while at the same time struggling to maintain sanity. Coleridge also points out that feigning madness can be considered an act of insanity in and of itself. Hamlets wildness is but half-false. O that subtle trick to pretend the acting only when we are very near to what we act (Coleridge 40). If he was feigning the madness, then his plan was misguided and he was working against himself and his quest for revenge. If Hamlet is indeed truly mad then he alerts his foes to this information and they in turn become very circumspect of Hamlet and his plans.
Hamlets madness serves to call attention to himself and raise suspicions of his enemies. Notes on the Tragedies. Shakespeare: The Character of Hamlet. Ed, Thomas Middleton raysor. Cambridge, ma: Harvard University Press, 1930. Shakespeare, the Critical Heritage. New York: routledge kegan paul, 1976.
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She does, however, go small on to say that the only importance of Hamlets madness is that it throws the other characters into alarm over his motivations and whether will he is truly mad or not. For Hamlets madness alarms the kings Suspicions, and that produces the treacherous Embassy to England, which failing, the contrivance of the poisoned Rapier followed, and that does the business (Lennox 129). The treacherous embassy is of course rosencrantz and guilderstern, who had heard of Hamlets madness and made their assistance readily available to the king. The king asks them to go to England and put an end to hamlets mad brain. R and G reply(with G speaking we will ourselves provide, most holy and religious fear it is to keep those many many bodies safe That live and feed upon your majesty (Shakespeare 58). Hamlet, however, discovers their treachery and has them disposed of; then, king Claudius sets up a fight between laertes and Hamlet by convincing laertes that he should avenge polonius, his father, murder. The king covers laertes sword with poison and even put poison in Hamlets goblet. Hamlets mad behavior sets off a train of events where the king and his followers become more and more suspicious of Hamlet and eventually take action against him.
He notes that although Hamlets words do have something beneath the surface attached to writing them, it did not sound like madness. Now what he spake, though it lacked form a little, was not like madness. Theres something in his soul Oer which his melancholy sits on brood, And I do doubt the hatch and the disclose will be some danger; which for to prevent? This causes Claudius to become even more suspicious of Hamlet and more concerned with what he might do next as he attempts to revenge his fathers murder; saying, madness in great ones must not unwatched go (Shakespeare 48). Claudius becomes concerned with Hamlets actions because if Hamlet is in fact mad, Claudius knows he must be extremely cautious of Hamlets irrational behavior. If Hamlet is, however, only feigning madness this forces Claudius to become even more concerned. In this case hamlets motivations would be guided by revenge, meaning they would have a purpose and direction. If Hamlet is truly mad then his actions would not follow and order or reason and therefore would not be as threatening to the king; but either way, both King Claudius and Polonius, until his demise, are forced to devote much of their attention. Charlotte lennox, in one respect, believes that the question over hamlets sanity is irrelevant to the story.
extravagant show for Ophelia, knowing she would alarm her father and he in turn the king. However, the description of Hamlet looking as if he had come straight out of hell with his face paled and knees shaking, suggests a truly wary man teetering on the edge of madness. Regardless of Hamlets true mental state, his behavior forced Ophelia to turn to her father and disregard her prior comments about Hamlets honorable intentions; instead condemning him a mad man. The query into hamlets madness raises too many other unanswerable questions; however, the effects of his odd behavior are clearly visible. After Ophelia relates her tale to her father, polonius, he immediately becomes wary of Hamlet and promptly reports all new information to the king. Polonius and King Claudius, in Act ii scene ii, plot to set up a chance meeting between Hamlet and Ophelia in the lobby of the palace, in order to monitor Hamlets behavior. The madness they perceived in Hamlet, from Ophelias description, led them to spy on him. After Hamlets meeting with Ophelia, the king becomes unsure of Hamlets sanity.
At the beginning of Hamlet, Ophelia tells her father about the vows of love that Hamlet has expressed to her. Polonius immediately questions Hamlets intentions and reminds Ophelia that making a rash decision could cost her; but Ophelia assures her father that? He hath shakespeare importuned me with love in honorable fashion? And hath given countenance to his speech, my lord, with almost all the holy vows of heaven (Shakespeare 17). However, after Hamlet visits Ophelia in a crazed state she immediately turns to her Father and reports Hamlet in a much darker light. Lord Hamlet with his doublet all unbraced, no hat upon his head, his stocking fouled, Ungartered and down-gyved to his ankle, pale as a shirt, his knees knocking each other And with look so piteous in purport. As if he had been loosed out of hell. To speak of horrors (Shakespeare 28).
Hamlet (William Shakespeare) (Pepys diary)
Hamlet Essay, research Paper, hamlets behavior affects that of the other characters in the play in that his action drastically alters, not only their perception of Hamlet and his intentions, but also their actions and words in dealing with Hamlet. It is difficult to classify hamlet as either sane or insane; however, it is certain that his mad behavior, whether feigned or authentic, serves only to heighten the confusion and eventual suspicion of the court, particularly Ophelia, homework rosencrantz and guilderstern, and Polonius and Claudius duo. Hamlets mental state is hard to decipher due to the complexity of the issue and the variety of ways his actions can be viewed. Edward Strachey believes that Hamlet is? A character made of many elements, ramifying themselves in many directions, some being healthy and some diseased (Strachey 173). Strachey goes on to say that an attempt to classify hamlet as either mad or sane is an? Over simplification of what is most complex (Strachey 173).